1 edition of The aqueous chlorination of organic compounds found in the catalog.
The aqueous chlorination of organic compounds
R. C. Pierce
by National Research Council of Canada, Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality in Ottawa
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 113-136.
|Statement||by Ronald C. Pierce|
|Series||Publications of the Environmental Secretariat -- NRCC no. 16450, [Report] - National Research Council of Canada -- [no.37]|
|LC Classifications||QH545.C34 P53 1978|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||136 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||136|
Oxidative chlorination of aromatic substrates in water Objective: Chlorination is an important reaction of organic chemistry because of wide variety of uses of chloro-substituted organic compounds in fine chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates. Therefore, large number of . Unfortunately, little is known about the nature of the reactions of chlorine with organic food constituents. This presentation reviews published information concerning the reactions of chlorine gas (Cl2[g]), aqueous chlorine, and ClO2 with model food compounds, the fate of chlorine during the chlorination of specific food products, and the Cited by:
1. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. Apr;24(4) Mutagenicity produced by aqueous chlorination of organic compounds. Rapson WH, Nazar MA, Butsky by: Abstract. From lists of published rate constants for the direct reactions of aqueous ozone with substrates we can conclude: if, for example, mg/l ozone is present, the following types of compounds react within less than 10 seconds: sulfite, nitrite, olefinic aliphatic hydrocarbons, phenols, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, organic amines and sulfides.. Much slower to react are some Cited by:
Kinetics of aqueous chlorination of some pharmaceuticals and their elimination from water matrices the chlorination of organic compounds such as containing an excess of Na The aqueous. Concerns about possible adverse health effects of drinking water disinfection have centered on chemical by-products produced by reactions of chlorine with various organic precursors during water treatment. The presence of certain organic compounds in raw water prior to treatment can be attributed to chemical manufacturing, processing, distribution, uses, or urban and agricultural land runoff.
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The aqueous chlorination of organic compounds: Chemical reactivity and effects on environmental quality (Publication ; no. NRCC ) [R. C Pierce] on Author: R. C Pierce. The North American and International regulations and advisories in the management of chlorinated organic compounds are reviewed in Chapters The last two chapters of the book deal with prioritization for regulatory and monitoring assessment and regulatory decision-making : Sub Ramamoorthy.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry66 (17), DOI: /jou. Chii Shang, Woei-Long Gong, and, Ernest R. Blatchley III. Breakpoint Chemistry and Volatile Byproduct Formation Resulting from Chlorination of Model Organic-N by: Thirty organic compounds were selected to investigate their chloroform formation characteristics during chlorination with sodium hypochlorite at pH-values and These experiments were conducted under conditions similar to those applied on the chlorination of raw by: Chemical changes of organic compounds in chlorinated water: XVl, gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric studies of the reactions of tricyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with hypochlorite in dilute aqueous by: The studied process is adsorption using a fixed-bed column packed with granular activated carbon (GAC).
An original setup was designed to perform the isotherms. Small particle sizes and full-scale GAC were tested.
Adsorption capacity decreases with increasing particle size in the presence of natural organic Cited by: 5. Several group contribution methods to estimate the aqueous solubility of organic molecules are proposed and evaluated for their ability to predict the water solubility of new molecules.
The learning set consisted of organic compounds with experimental data taken from the literature after critical evaluation. The best method, based on a new fragment atom scheme, leads to a squared Cited by: The simultaneous presence of both aqueous bromine and chlorine results in mixed brominated and chlorinated organic compounds.
NOM consists of a heterogeneous mixture of humic substances, hydrophilic acids, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, carboxylic acid, amino acid, and by: Keywords: Chlorination, arenes, N-Chlorosuccinimide (NCS), aqueous medium, aromatic compounds.
Introduction Chlorination of arenes is a protruding organic reaction with widespread laboratory use and industrial uses. The introduction of chlorine onto aromatic ring is a significant synthetic transformation because chlorinated compounds are acknowledged as versatile initial File Size: 1MB.
In general, these chlorine species react with activated aromatic systems, neutral amines and double bonds, leading to the formation of halogenated organic compounds, some of which exhibit a potentially carcinogenic activity (trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs Cited by: To assess the estrogenic activity potentially stemming from bisphenol A (BPA) in drinking water, APCI/LC/MS and NMR were used to identify the products of its aqueous chlorination under the following conditions: μg/L bisphenol A and mg/L sodium hypochlorite (pH ) at 25 ° by: The aqueous chlorination of organic compounds: chemical reactivity and effects on environmental quality.
Numerous inorganic and organic micropollutants can undergo reactions with chlorine. However, for certain compounds, the expected chlorine reactivity is low and only small modifications in the parent compound's structure are expected under typical water treatment by: Book January principle and practical organic chemistry.
Discover the world's research. aqueous solution of formic acid and may be used for the tests described below. In that regard, aqueous cleaning rep-resents an economical, environmentally benign alternative. In many cases, aqueous cleaning is also the best available tech-nology and provides a viable long-term solution to environ-mental issues.
It is important that these cleaners not contain high con-centrations of volatile organic compounds or solvents File Size: KB. Chlorination of aqueous solutions containing organic nitrogen: Analysis and detection with MIMS. Abstract. In most “real-world” applications of chlorine to aqueous systems, the interactions between chlorine and organic N-compounds are of concern in terms of Cited by: 1.
(4) It is suggested that chloroform yields from 1, 3- diketones and acetyl compounds are affected by enolization of these compounds. (5) 1-hydroxyethyl compounds is difficult to form chloroform.
(6) Chlorine is consumed by oxidation or chlorination of organic compounds than by Missing: book. Reactions of Chlorine with Inorganic and Organic Compounds During Water Treatment--Kinetics and Mechanisms: A Critical Review Article Literature Review in Water Research 42() Aqueous chlorination of many organic substances has been found to produce substantial mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium TA An effective way to decrease such mutagenicity is to raise the pH of the solutions to neutrality or g: book.
Data on the reactivity of chlorine dioxide with organic compounds from various classes are summarized. Early investigations of the reactions of chlorine dioxide were occurred in aqueous or.
Chlorinated organic compounds (COCs) are common anthropogenic contaminants encountered in soil and groundwater.
COCs were industrially produced for different applications, such as dry cleaning.4-chlororesorcinol 5-chlorouracil acetone ammonia amperometric amperometric titration aquatic aqueous chlorine aromatic bioaccumulation bioassay blowdown bromine Brungs cancer carbon carcinogenic Chem chemical chemistry chlo chloramines chlorinated organics chlorine concentrations chlorine demand chlorine dose chlorine levels chlorine residual.An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
The chloroalkane class (alkanes with one or more hydrogens substituted by chlorine) provides common examples.